Todd’s challenge: Small boats, choppy seas

Hello, hello!

Here’s another challenge for you! Will you get all the answers right this time? Let me know your results… post them in the comments below!

PS: Check the answer key below! 🙂


 

A plan to deal with the boat people is ambitious, but the outcome will be woefully inadequate

May 16th 2015 | BRUSSELS | From the print edition

THE European Union faces an ocean of troubles, from the integrity of its currency to the security of its neighbourhood. Yet none presents as bewildering an array of difficulties as the movement of people. In under 10,000 words the European Commission’s “agenda on migration,” unveiled on May 13th, identifies war, poverty, globalisation, persecution and climate change as forces driving migration from outside the EU. (7a)And it touches on challenges like multilateral diplomacy, criminal networks, military intervention and the ageing of European societies. Next to lists like these, fixing Greece or Ukraine looks like a doddle.

So large is the conundrum over migrants, especially of boat-people in the Mediterranean, that the EU has done its best to forget about it. Until last month, that is, when it received a grisly reminder that they had not forgotten about Europe: in a few days more than 1,000 would-be migrants drowned off the Libyan coast. An emergency summit was convened amid the often-heard call that such tragedies could not be allowed to happen again. Yet leaders agreed on little beyond a commitment to spend more on border-surveillance missions, and a pledge to think about a military mission to capture or destroy smugglers’ boats (for which a mandate from the UN Security Council is needed). (7b)

The strategy is more ambitious than leaders might have expected when they urged the commission to draw up “a more systemic and geographically comprehensive approach”. It proposes a one-off pan-European scheme to resettle 20,000 refugees from third countries. It promises technical assistance to “front-line” countries like Italy, Malta and Greece (and warns that they will be punished if they nod through migrants making their way to the wealthier north). It also aims to improve the EU’s dismal return rate (39%) for failed asylum-seekers.

Most controversially it calls for the relocation of most asylum-seekers who reach the EU, so that the burden of processing them may be more equally shouldered. The country-by-country allocation would be determined by a “distribution key”, based on population, economic strength and refugees already present. (…)

Asylum is only part of the picture. Migrants seeking better economic prospects crowd onto boats as keenly as refugees from civil wars. If they get in, Europe often finds places for them, for, as the new strategy notes, Europe’s migration policy is not equal to “the economic demands of a Europe in demographic decline.” Even more than with asylum, European countries make their own policies for economic migration. And set against the fiery anti-immigration politics of many European countries, the good intentions in Brussels can melt like icicles in the sun.

Determine if the following statements are true or false.

  1. The expression an ocean of troubles (p.1) can best be replaced by a plethora of quandaries.
  2. The expression looks like a doodle (p.1) can best be replaced by seems to be no-holds barred.
  3. The expression only part of the picture (p.5) can best be replaced by only a slice of the pie.
  4. The expression melt like icicles in the sun (p.5) can best be replaced by go the way of the dodo bird.

Determine if the following statements are true or false.

  1. The use of the conjunction “so” in paragraphs 2 and 4 are grammatically and semantically interchangeable.
  2. The term “yet” in paragraph 2 is used to give reference to the timeframe of the emergency summit.
  3. The use of the term “for” in paragraphs 2 and 5 are both used to give the sense of “reason”.
  4. The use of the conjunction “and” in paragraph 5 could be replaced by the term “further” without changing the overall semantic meaning of the sentence. –

In paragraph 1, the terms bewildering / unveiled / driving can best be replaced semantically by which of the following options (there may be more than one right answer).

  1. perplexing / wrapped up / propelling
  2. vexing / revealed / goading
  3. disconcerting / disguised / coercing
  4. baffling / disclosed / fueling

From paragraph 2, the sentence “So large is the conundrum over migrants, especially of boat-people in the Mediterranean, that the EU has done its best to forget about it.” Could best be rewritten as which of the following?

  1. The enigma surrounding migrants has produced such mayhem, namely with asylum seekers in the Mediterranean, that the EU has simply turned a blind eye to the situation.
  2. The challenge concerning migrants is such a sizeable one, mainly as regards the refugees in the Mediterranean, that the EU has simply tried to disregard it.
  3. So infatuating is the puzzling migrant issue, principally concerning those fleeing across the Mediterranean, that the EU has been forced to turn its back.
  4. Such a weird mystery over migration, primarily regarding the expatriates in the Mediterranean, that the EU has resorted to neglecting all such migrant populations.

Determine if the following statements are true or false.

  1. The Europeans Commission’s “agenda on migration” has identified the flaws of multilateral diplomacy within such failed actions taken towards climate change and military interventions.
  2. Without support from the UN security council, even military actions to capture refugees and/or demolish their boats would be to little avail.
  3. New EU proposals to handle migration include a more balanced distribution of the refugees based on the people and economic verve of the host countries.
  4. The likelihood of economic prosperity is as much of a goading factor for the boat-people as is the seeking of asylum from war-torn countries.

Determine if the following statements are true or false.

  1. The expression draw up (p.3) can best be replaced by elaborate.
  2. The expression one-off (p.3) can best be replaced by single.
  3. The expression front line (p.3) can best be replaced by receiver.
  4. The expression nod through (p.3) can best be replaced by give the go-ahead for.

>>> ANSWER KEY >>>

Do you need #HELP with English? Matricule-se já!

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Todd Marshall é professor de inglês do Curso Sapientia. Mais informações sobre Todd e sobre a prova de inglês do CACD, veja este vídeo.

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