Todd’s Challenge -Answer Key

(If you missed the challenge, you can check it out here)

WHEN, after passing through a narrow defile, one suddenly reaches a height beyond which the ways part and a rich prospect lies outspread in different directions, it is well to stop for a moment and consider whither one shall turn next.We are in somewhat the same position after we have mastered this first interpretation of a dream. We find ourselves standing in the light of a sudden discovery. The dream is not comparable to the irregular sounds of a musical instrument, which, instead of being played by the hand of a musician, is struck by some external force; the dream is not meaningless, not absurd, does not presuppose that one part of our store of ideas is dormant while another part begins to awake. It is a perfectly valid psychic phenomenon, actually a wish-fulfilment; it may be enrolled in the continuity of the intelligible psychic activities of the waking state; it is built up by a highly complicated intellectual activity. But at the very moment when we are about to rejoice in this discovery a host of problems besets us. If the dream, as this theory defines it, represents a fulfilled wish, what is the cause of the striking and unfamiliar manner in which this fulfilment is expressed? What transformation has occurred in our dream-thoughts before the manifest dream, as we remember it on waking, shapes itself out of them? How has this transformation taken place? Whence comes the material that is worked up into the dream? What causes many of the peculiarities which are to be observed in our dream-thoughts; for example, how is it that they are able to contradict one another? Is the dream capable of teaching us something new concerning our internal psychic processes and can its content correct opinions which we have held during the day? I suggest that for the present all these problems be laid aside, and that a single path be pursued. We have found that the dream represents a wish as fulfilled. Our next purpose should be to ascertain whether this is a general characteristic of dreams, or whether it is only the accidental content of the particular dream (the dream about Irma’s injection) with which we have begun our analysis; for even if we conclude that every dream has a meaning and psychic value, we must nevertheless allow for the possibility that this meaning may not be the same in every dream. The first dream which we have considered was the fulfilment of a wish; another may turn out to be the realization of an apprehension; a third may have a reflection as its content; a fourth may simply reproduce a reminiscence. Are there, then dreams other than wish-dreams; or are there none but wish-dreams?

Source: “THE DREAM AS WISH-FULFILMENT”, Sigmund Freud

Red: wrong terms / Green: questionable terms / Blue: correct options

Determine if the following statements can replace the original statement from the text without changing the original context grammatically or semantically (there may be more than one answer). 

a) WHEN, after passing through a narrow defile, one suddenly reaches a height beyond which the ways part and a rich prospect lies outspread in different directions, it is well to stop for a moment and consider whither one shall turn next. – FALSE

Can be replaced by:

ONCE, after going through a limited valley, one unexpectedly achieves a height beyond which the means depart and a rich overlook lies outstretched in different directions, it is fit to halt for an instant and consider in what direction one will turn afterwards.

———

b) It is a perfectly valid psychic phenomenon, actually a wish-fulfilment; it may be enrolled in the continuity of the intelligible psychic activities of the waking state; it is built up by a highly complicated intellectual activity. – TRUE

Can be replaced by:

It is a perfectly plausible psychic wonder, essentially a wish-fulfilment; it might be enveloped in the steadiness of the intelligible psychic deeds of the waking state; it is fortified by a highly complex intellectual endeavor.

———

c) What transformation has occurred in our dream-thoughts before the manifest dream, as we remember it on waking, shapes itself out of them? How has this transformation taken place? Whence comes the material that is worked up into the dream? – TRUE

Can be replaced by:

What transformation has happened within our dream-thoughts prior to the discernible dream, the manner n which we remember it upon waking, formulates itself from them? How has this conversion occurred? From where does the stuff come that is brought into the dream?

———

d) The first dream which we have considered was the fulfilment of a wish; another may turn out to be the realization of an apprehension; a third may have a reflection as its content; a fourth may simply reproduce a reminiscence. – FALSE

Can be replaced by:

The initial dream that we have contemplated was the accomplishment of a wish; others may well become to be the perception of a concern; a third might have a mirror image as its core; a fourth may merely breed a memory.

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